icona research Multi-Focus Image Fusion

Exploiting Superpixels for Multi-Focus Image Fusion

Areeba Ilyas, Muhammad Shahid Farid, Muhammad Hassan Khan and Marcin Grzegorzek

(Entropy 2021, 23, 247)


Multi-focus image fusion is the process of combining focused regions of two or more images to obtain a single all-in-focus image. It is an important research area because a fused image is of high quality and contains more details than the source images. This makes it useful for numerous applications in image enhancement, remote sensing, object recognition, medical imaging, etc. This paper presents a novel multi-focus image fusion algorithm that proposes to group the local connected pixels with similar colors and patterns, usually referred to as superpixels, and use them to separate the focused and de-focused regions of an image. We note that these superpixels are more expressive than individual pixels, and they carry more distinctive statistical properties when compared with other superpixels. The statistical properties of superpixels are analyzed to categorize the pixels as focused or de-focused and to estimate a focus map. A spatial consistency constraint is ensured on the initial focus map to obtain a refined map, which is used in the fusion rule to obtain a single all-in-focus image. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations are performed to assess the performance of the proposed method on a benchmark multi-focus image fusion dataset. The results show that our method produces better quality fused images than existing image fusion techniques. The source code of the proposed method is released publicly at the project website (http://www.di.unito.it/~farid/Research/SBF.html, accessed on 18 February 2021).

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Last updated: Feb 27, 2021